What is the Difference Between Gas vs Electric vs Induction Cooktop/Ranges?

No matter what choice of range/cooktop you opt for, they're good at what they're designed to do and what they're designed to do is cook. Over time, appliances wear out and won't run quite as well as they once did. Outdated practices like calling the repairman are not as frequent as they once were. Nowadays, appliances are built a little more reliable in operation, but they're also easy to just replace with new appliances. Everyone has their preferences on which fuel hookup they prefer on their ranges/cooktops, but not everyone is aware or have used other methods beside what they are accustomed to. If provided with change in terms of technology and appliances, most folks would opt to stray away because they are hesitant to learn a new system. So, these folks are holding themselves back in learning new methods and applications with ranges/cooktops that may fit better with their lifestyle. Preference plays a pertinent role when deciding on new appliances, but a little education ensures a better purchase overall. Even the most know-it-all consumer can benefit in learning new innovations and technology for ranges/cooktops. Regarding new ranges/cooktops, there are two main fuel hookups with gas and electricity. For electric ranges, there is a derivative with induction cooking which uses electricity but the heating application differs a great deal from traditional electric cooktops/ranges. Electric cooktops/ranges emanate radiant heat from their respective heating elements. Conversely, induction cooktops/ranges transfers heat through electromagnetism into conductive cookware with virtually no trace of heat on the induction element itself. The best cooktop/range is based on your educated decision.

Whenever you decide to renovate your kitchen or when the time comes to replace or upgrade your home kitchen appliances, you may stumble upon a choice. The choice today with new ranges or cooktops come in the form of freestanding ranges, slide in ranges, drop in ranges, as well as, gas or electric hookups. This article will compare gas ranges/cooktops with electric ranges/cooktops. Depending on what fuel hookup is readily available in your home, the choice may be limited. Like most folks, we are accustomed to what we learned to use while growing up. Depending on geographical location, the choice for ranges and cooktops are gas, electric or induction. Theyre all effective at what theyre designed for, but there are certain advantages and disadvantages over the other.

Gas Hookup

Gas has a better performance overall in terms of output and precision. Theyre able to achieve high heat much quicker over electric and turn off immediately upon cessation.



Gas ranges/cooktops will work in the event of an electrical outage by using a match or lighter to ignite the gas flow.


Gas output is a little more precise in control as the flame output is quickly and easily adjusted in real time.


Gas heat is immediate and powerful from point of ignition, but electric tends to heat food faster in comparison in some cases.


Hard to Clean

Cleaning requires a bit more effort as there are grooves and crevices around the burners. Including the removal of burner grates, cleaning can be an ordeal.

Hot Kitchen

Gas hookup ranges/cooktops emit a lot of radiant heat and will emanate throughout the kitchen and this could be uncomfortable for small kitchens.


Gas operational costs is more expensive as a fuel source compared to electricity. Especially true if the gas range is a pilot light model, which requires a constant flow of gas.

Electric Hookup

Typically, electric comes in two options, a smooth top (usually ceramic glass) with hidden heat element or a coil heating element on top. They come up to desired temperature slower compared to gas. Electric heating elements also take a while to cool down when turned off.


Easy to Clean

The convenience of a smooth top electric range/cooktop is they're easy to clean with no indents or crevices present.

Cool Kitchen

Electric heating elements do not generate a lot of ambient heat and will maintain a cooler kitchen.


Electric ranges/cooktops are also considerably less expensive compared to gas counterparts.


Depends on Electricity

In the event of an electrical outage, electric ranges/cooktops will not work.

Retains Heat after Shutoff

Electric elements can get really hot and will retain high levels of heat even after they're turned off. They can't cool down as quickly as gas burners.

Easy to Damage

Although, a smooth top electric range/cooktop is easier to clean, it requires routine maintenance. Smooth tops are susceptible to damage from scratches and ceramic can crack if cold water touches it while hot.

Induction Cooking

A derivative from electric, induction ranges/cooktops utilize electricity as its fuel source. However, the difference is that with induction, the heating element is hidden on a smooth top surface. The major difference between induction cooking and traditional electric heating elements is electromagnetism. Induction cooking utilizes a metal coil to produce a transference of heat through induction capable cookware. Typically, any cookware that contains iron will work with induction.



They are safe as the heating element emits no radiant heat except through appropriate metals, but transient heat will still culminate around the cooking area. The residual heat is little to none and will dissipate quickly but it's never recommended to place your hands, limbs or bodily parts near any heat generating source.

Cooler Kitchen

Same as its traditional electric counterpart, induction elements produce no heat at all unless through transference of magnetic metals, so they are exceptional at maintaining a cooler room temperature.

No Wasted Heat

Induction cooking wastes no heat and will operate more economically even compared to traditional electric heating elements.


Depends on Electricity

Similar to their electric range counterpart, Induction also relies on electricity to work. In the situation where there is no electricity being supplied to your home, induction ranges/cooktops will not work.



Induction ranges and cooktops are typically a little more expensive to purchase compared to the other options.

Ferromagnetic Cookware

Requires Conductive Cookware

Induction cooking requires appropriate cookware, typically anything containing iron. It won't work on anything else including aluminum, glass, or copper.

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